Central Asian Shepherd Dog Breed Information and Pictures

Estimated read time 7 min read
  • Height: 27-32 inches
  • Weight: 121-176 lb
  • Lifespan: 12-14 years
  • Group: AKC Foundation Stock Service

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Basics

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a breed that has been around for many millennia and still thrives alongside people. It’d be not easy to find a dog who has been domesticated for so long. This dog lives up to its name. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is the oldest dog breed globally, with a history that spans more than 5,000 years. Man does not create this breed, but rather it results from the climate and circumstances in which they were born.

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has a strong and large build. Its legs are strong and well-boned. Its back is strong and broad. It has a large head and a long, strong neck with a lot of dewlaps. There are two types of Central Asian Shepherd Dogs: long or short. This breed is most commonly known for its white, brindle, black, and fawn coats.

This breed can be used to encompass many breeds. The temperament of every dog will vary according to its breed. There are many types of Central Asian Sherpards, even though they may appear similar. These dogs have first bred thousands of years ago to form bonds with Central Asian people. They were used for many purposes, from dogfighting to herding. There are three types of the breed today, each with their temperaments and instincts depending on what they were originally bred for.

Important to remember is that dogfighting is an integral part of many regions where these dogs were bred. While we don’t approve of dogfighting, it is an integral part of the history and culture of this breed. The shepherds from these areas gathered and fought their most valuable dogs to decide who was the strongest. These fights were not always fatal, and the submissive, weaker dogs often won. Breeds that were bred to fight dogs have a greater tendency towards aggression and require more skilled handlers. This is something to keep in mind if you decide to breed this breed.

Different protective instincts are found in breeds that were bred to herd livestock guardians or as herders. No matter what breed a Central Asian dog is, they are not suitable for novice owners. Dogs like these require a skilled hand and delicate care to be raised right. They can make wonderful companions if they are loved and cared for properly. It can be disastrous for both dog and owner. Which category do you fall into? You’re in the right place! Scroll down to find out everything you can about the Central Asian Shepherd Dog.

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is one of the oldest dog breeds globally, with a history that spans more than 5,000 years.


The Ural, the Caspian Sea, and Asia Minor regions are believed to be where the first Central Asian Shepherd Dogs were born. The former Soviet Union first established this breed standard. The Soviet Union ended, and a new breed standard was established in Russia. This has led to a modern version called the Central Asian Ovcharka. This breed has a rich and varied history. It is impossible to pinpoint a single breeder or region as the origin of this breed. There are no simple answers to the story of Central Asian Shepherd Dog.


The pedigree for the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is not known, as it is with many ancient breeds. Experts believe the Tibetian Mastiff may be the forefather of this ancient breed. It’s difficult to determine the forefather of a dog this old. It was not possible to find documentation about the breed history of dogs 5,000 years ago.


Central Asian dogs are large and eat a lot of food every day. It is important to ensure that their food meets their nutritional and energy requirements. A reputable brand of dog food is best. It should be suited to your pet’s needs and size. How much food should you give your Central Asian Shepherd? A veterinarian is the best person to answer this question. Although pet blogs and dog food manufacturers provide helpful feeding guidelines, these guidelines should not be considered gospel. Every dog is unique, and each one has its own needs. A vet is the only one qualified to assess your dog’s dietary requirements. You can always trust their advice before you make any major changes to your dog’s food.

Central Asian Shepherds are a highly intelligent breed.


Central Asian Shepherds are a highly intelligent breed. It is important to establish leadership and a strong relationship with these dogs when training them. The dog requires a loving, firm owner who can take care of it. Dogs will learn to see their human as the pack leader and be trained with positive reward-based methods. These giants can be difficult to train if you are harsh. It cannot be easy to balance achieving an alpha status and focusing on positive training methods. This is a crucial balance to maintain to train this breed properly. We strongly recommend that only experienced trainers train these dogs. If you are a new dog owner and want to bring home a Central Asian Shepherd Dog, it is possible. To make life easier for you and your dog, we recommend that you hire a professional trainer or enroll in an obedience school.


Fully grown Central Asian Shepherd Dogs can reach 176 pounds.

Temperament and behavior

Understanding the temperament of a Central Asian Shepherd Dog is key to understanding its breed type and the traits and characteristics associated with it. Dogs bred from fighting lines can be more aggressive than dogs who have been socialized and supervised around other dogs.

These dogs are intelligent, confident, and brave and can be trusted to make decisions for their owners. They are not aggressive but will attack their owners if they feel they are in danger. They also have a natural fear of strangers and will notify their masters immediately if they see any suspicious activity. They are also known for their loud, booming bark, making them excellent guard dogs and watchdogs.

Central Asians are very protective and dedicated to their families. They also love children very much. They should be kept away from children as they could inadvertently cause injury to toddlers or topple them.

Common Health Problems

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is considered a healthy breed. It does not have any hereditary conditions. However, like most large breeds, they are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia. It is vital to regularly have your dog checked out by a veterinarian, especially as your pet ages. This will ensure that any health problems are detected and treated as soon as possible.

Life Expectancy

Cared for properly, a Central Asian Shepherd can live up to 14 years.

Exercise Requirements

These dogs look lazy, but they are hard workers and need to be exercised regularly. They were bred to be active for long periods. They are great jogging or hiking companions.

Central Asians are very protective and dedicated to their families.


In 1996, the American Kennel Club included the Central Asian Shepherd Dog in its Foundation Stock Service.


This dog can be either long-haired or short-haired and requires very little grooming. However, they shed heavily in the winter, so they should be brushed more frequently during this time.


Like all powerful and large breeds, it is important to socialize and train your Central Asian Shepherd Dog early on. Don’t let your puppy days be short!

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